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Merging Wep and Anubis

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May. 3rd, 2008 | 06:08 pm
posted by: jayed in houseofnetjer

Afternoon all.

I am looking evidence of the merging of Wep and Anubis. I know HoN believes and teaches that this took place, which is why I am asking here..:)

Reason I am asking is for my dissertation. I am in the 4th (and final) year of an Egyptology diploma and my dissertation is called 'The evolution of Canine deities from Pre-dynastic Egypt to Greco-Roman Egypt'. Its a project of love for me, as a follower of Anubis I *had* to do that and I felt that it would help me understand my faith and the Netjer more..

So some 50 books and numerous journals later (I kid you not, I am now an expert on Canine gods), I am still to find evidence that Wep merged into Anubis and when. Now I see shared titles, but its also confusing since in the Book of Going Forth by Day (Ani's) it has Anubis as the 'Opener of the Ways', BUT also lists Wep as a separate Netjer totaly (though with a black head). This is the 19th Dynasty, I can also find reference to separate temples of Anubis and Wep in the 20th Dynasty.

Other than that, Budge does say that Anubis and Wep are 'twined' Gods, but that Anubis the Summer Solistce and Wep is the Winter, Anubis the North and Wep the South.

The HoN page on Wep says Over time, Wepwawet's form and functions were absorbed by another jackal-Netjer, Yinepu, who became "Opener of the Ways" when His own titles including Khenty-amentiu ("Foremost of the Westerners") passed to Wesir as premier patron of the deceased. . But I know that Wesir took the title Foremost of the Westerners in about the 5th Dynasty, but Wep was still getting mentioned on his own and his own temple in the 20th Dynasty.

So, does anyone have any references which can back up HoN's statement. You would be helping me greatly and stop me going mad so close to the end:)



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(no subject)

from: the_magpie
date: May. 3rd, 2008 06:46 pm (UTC)

I know there are a few sources that you might want to check out. I've never had the pleasure of running into any of them, as I believe they're all out of print, but they're often highly recommended by Hemet (AUS). As for anything else beyond these few sources, you'll have to ask Hemet herself; I don't know much other than the fact that it makes sense with my UPG, which of course isn't going to help you in a scholarly field. ;) I apologize if I'm repeating sources that you've already seen, but these are what I've often heard cited for information solely on Jackals.

DuQuesne, Terence (2005) The Jackal Divinities of Egypt: I, from the Archaic Period to Dynasty X. ISBN-13: 978-1-871266-24-5; ISBN-10: 1-871266-24-6 (586 pages)

DuQuesne, Terence (1996) Black and Gold God: Colour Symbolism of the God Anubis, with Observations on the Phenomenology of Colour in Egyptian and Comparative Religion ISBN-10: 187126622X; ISBN-13: 978-1871266221 (108 pages)

DuQuesne, Terence (1991) Jackal at the Shaman's Gate: A Study of Anubis Lord of Ro-Setawe, with the Conjuration to Chthonic Deities ISBN-10: 1871266149; ISBN-13: 978-1871266146 (135 pages)

Grenier, J.C. (1997) Anubis Alexandrin Et Romain (Etudes Preliminaires Aux Religions Orientales Dans L'empire Romain) ISBN-10: 9004049177; ISBN-13: 978-9004049178 (212 pages)

I've done some Googling in hopes that I might come up with a site that references something useful, but alas, I didn't think I would find much and so I didn't. I did, however, find a reference in an article on JSTOR, though the author does not cite anything regarding this statement, he merely states, "It is interesting that the figure of the war-god Wepwawet, who only in some regions and only occasionally was fused with Anubis, can be encountered painted on coffins. I may cite, as an example, the figure of the standing jackal-like dog, characteristic of Wepwawet, painted, in place of Anubis, on an anthropoid coffin I have inspected in the Brooklyn Museum (No. 34.1223)." Found here:
# Title: A Peculiar Representation of the Jackal-God Anubis
# Author(s): N. Dorin Ischlondsky
# Reviewed Title(s):
# Reviewed Authors(s):
# Source: Journal of Near Eastern Studies, Vol. 25, No. 1 (Jan., 1966), pp. 17-26
# Publisher(s): The University of Chicago Press
# Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/543136

This page (http://www.lionessofthesun.com/Glossary/A/Anpu) states: "Assuming some of the aspects of another canid god, Wepwawet, Anubis took on some of that god's aspects. As "Opener of the Ways" Anubis protected the paths of the king into the underworld", and cites a fair amount of sources at the bottom of the page. The only trick is finding out which source informed this statement, if any - and I would take this page with a grain of salt, being suspicious of the page myself. The same goes for this page: http://www.archaeowiki.org/Anubis. Some statements about the fusing of Wepwawet and Yinepu are made, but not many, and they're not directly cited.

I wish you luck on your search! I suspect that, based on a combination of personal gnosis, the fact that Yinepu/Anubis takes on the title of Opener of Ways, and the fact that Wepwawet is represented as a black jackal rather than brown or grey, the House of Netjer and Hemet (AUS) represent the deities as such. I also think it's worth noting that it's very possible that the information on kemet.org hasn't been updated in years, due to other concerns amongst the priesthood (such as performing religious duties, rather than being code monkeys - a sensible issue) - so I don't know if there are revisions waiting to be made. I doubt it, but one never knows.

If I were you, I would post on Hemet's board asking her for a specific source in which she originally found this connection - outside of the DuQuesne texts, which are where she usually points people. I'd be delighted to hear what you've found once your research is complete - keep us posted! The more Egyptologists in the House the better, I reckon - more experts in the field to pester. ;)

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Victoria Lawford

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from: jayed
date: May. 3rd, 2008 07:15 pm (UTC)

Thanks for this:)

The DuQuesne books are so hard to come by. I have Jackal at the Shaman's Gate, I was luckly to find it for about $50, the other DuQuesne books are far to pricey for me..:( But I did not fine Jackal to be all that good, and the cover really put me off. For someone who was ment to be an expert showing Anubis as a winged woman did not really sit well with me (if that makes sense).

If I can find a translated Grenier I'll check that out..:)

The Ischlondsky journal is really really interesting, it was one of the first papers I printed out, though he/she does not state where much of their information comes from.

Thank you for the luck! I will need it..:) My eyes have gone boggled and my head is so full of conflicting information its impossible to sort truth from misunderstanding. And then you get the whole interpretation issues... One person says one thing, another person says something totaly different, and then someone cites something else!!!


But thank you again. What you posted is a great help!

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(no subject)

from: the_magpie
date: May. 3rd, 2008 07:24 pm (UTC)

Glad to be of help. Have you tried getting the other DuQuesne books on some kind of interlibrary loan? I believe I've heard that one of the books is more a list of sources than an actual book in it's own right, which would be... well, I don't know how useful. I don't actually know how interlibrary loan works - I've never tried it, though my Celtic recon friend has used it countless times for obscure books. I'm disappointed to hear that Jackal at the Shaman's Gate wasn't all that good, though. Ah well... can't win them all. The title of the book put me off a bit, what with "Egyptian Shamanism" being popular in the New Age community, but I'd been giving it the benefit of the doubt.

As for the Grenier translation issue... that's one of the reasons I'm studying German right now, so I can start reading some of these darn sources myself. Partly also for my ancestors, but partly for that - and I'm studying Psychology!;)

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